Glossary

Air Emissions

Air emissions are defined as gases, dust, fumes or odour in harmful amounts, i.e., amounts which could be harmful to the health or comfort of humans and animals or which could cause damage to plants and materials, contained in the air. E.g. SOx (Sulfur Oxides), greenhouse gases, etc.

APELL

The Awareness and Preparedness for Emergencies at Local Level (APELL) program is a process that helps people prevent, prepare for and respond appropriately to accidents and emergencies. APELL was developed by the United Nations Environment Programme, in partnership with industry associations, communities and governments following several major industrial accidents that had serious impacts on human health and the environment. APELL is now being implemented in over 30 countries around the world.

Area Reclaimed

Areas, in hectares (ha), which have been converted from active or available for mining to the post-mining land use either by re-vegetation, conversion to wildlife habitat, etc.

Benefit Footprint

A measure through which Kinross seeks to measure and optimize the net benefits of our activities to the communities and host countries where we operate.

Biodiversity

The variation of life forms within a given ecosystem. Biodiversity is often used as a measure of the health of biological systems.

Blasting Agents

Amount of explosives, in metric tonnes (tonne), used in the mining process, including powder and emulsions explosives.

Carbon Dioxide Equivalent (CO2e)

Amount of greenhouse gas measured under the functionally equivalent amount in metric tonnes (tonne) of carbon dioxide (CO2). (ref. IPCC Second Assessment Report (SAR – 100 years)

Carbon Disclosure Project (CDP)

An independent not-for-profit organization aiming to create a lasting relationship between shareholders and corporations regarding the implications for shareholder value and commercial operations presented by climate change. Its goal is to facilitate a dialogue, supported by quality information, from which a rational response to climate change will emerge.

Carbon-in-Leach (CIL)

The technique of recovering dissolved gold from ore that has undergone milling and agitated leaching by introducing activated carbon directly into the leach tanks.

Carbon-in-Pulp (CIP)

The technique of recovering dissolved gold from ore that has undergone milling and agitated leaching by absorbing the gold onto activated carbon in separate tanks after leaching.

Cyanide

A chemical compound that consists of a carbon atom triple-bonded to a nitrogen atom. It is used in diluted form to liberate gold or silver from its host rock.

Cyanide Code (ICMC)

Voluntary code for the gold mining industry that focuses on the safe management of cyanide that is produced, transported, and used as part of gold mining operations.

Doré

An unrefined gold intermediate product that generally may contain minor amounts of other metals.

Ecosystem Services

Benefits provided to humankind by an ecosystem including, the provision of clean drinking water and the decomposition of wastes.

Extractive Industries Transparency Initiative (EITI)

A global coalition of governments, companies and civil society working together to improve openness and accountable management of revenues from natural resources.

Energy Consumption

Total energy consumed by Kinross operating mine sites, direct and indirect, in gigajoules (GJ) or GJ x 1,000.

Energy Consumption (Direct)

Amount of energy consumed by Kinross’ activities based on fuel consumption, in gigajoules (GJ), e.g. diesel, light fuel oil, heavy fuel oil (HFO), gasoline, etc.

Energy Consumption (Indirect)

Amount of energy consumed by Kinross’ activities based on the purchase of electricity, in gigajoules (GJ).

Energy Intensity Rate

Total energy consumed (direct and indirect) per tonne of ore processed, expressed in megajoules/tonne processed (MJ/tonne).

Grade

Quantity of gold in grams or ounces in one metric tonne of ore material (g/t)(oz./t).

Greenhouse Gas Emissions (Scope 1 and Scope 2)

Measures the greenhouse gas emissions generated from direct emissions through combustion of fuels and indirect emissions through electricity consumption, i.e., Scope 1 and Scope 2 emissions.

Greenhouse Gas Emissions (Scope 3)

Measures the greenhouse gas emissions generated from indirect emissions in the supply chain related to combustion of fuels used by contractors and from indirect emissions of purchased lime and cyanide.

Greenhouse Gas Intensity Rate

Total amount of Scope 1 and Scope 2 greenhouse gas emissions per tonne of ore processed, expressed as kg of CO2 equivalent/tonne.

Grievance

Any complaint or grievance submitted through Kinross’ stakeholder grievance mechanisms. Does not only refer to grievances in a labour dispute.

Global Reporting Initiative (GRI)

The GRI is a not-for-profit organization developing a sustainability reporting framework for companies across industries.

Heap Leach

The technique of recovering dissolved gold from ore that has undergone crushing by placing the crushed ore into piles that are sprayed with a cyanide solution. The gold and cyanide solution is then collected and processed to recover the gold.

Incident

An undesired event which results in harm to people, damage to property, and/or loss to process.

International Finance Corporation (IFC)

IFC, a member of the World Bank Group, is the largest global development institution focused exclusively on the private sector in developing countries.

IFC Sustainability Framework

IFC’s framework for companies operating in a sustainable way. It promotes sound environmental and social practices, encourages transparency and accountability, and contributes to positive development impacts. IFC’s Performance Standards, which are part of the Sustainability Framework, have become globally recognized as a benchmark for environmental and social risk management in the private sector.

International Union for the Conservation of Nature’s (IUCN) Red List of Threatened Species

A comprehensive inventory of the global conservation status of biological species.

International Labour Organization (ILO)

A United Nations agency dealing with labour issues, particularly international labour standards and decent work for all.

International Standards Organization (ISO)

An international standard-setting body composed of representatives from various national standards organizations. ISO 14001 is a standard for environmental management systems that has been developed by ISO.

Life-of-mine or Mine Life Cycle

The period of time during which mining activities will take place on a property beginning with exploration, then development, through production, up until final closure of the remediated and reclaimed mine site.

Lime

A chemical used to maintain the pH of the processing solution during gold processing. It maintains the cyanide solution in the liquid form preventing the release of hydrogen cyanide gas. Measured in metric tonnes (tonne).

Local

Characterized as “local” within the appropriate administrative unit for each Kinross site, i.e., municipality, county or district.

Lost-time Injury (LTI)

A work-related injury where the injured employee cannot return to work their next scheduled work day, due to the nature and/or severity of the injury, only regularly scheduled workdays are included in “lost days”.

Lost-time Injury Frequency Rate (LTIFR)

The number of lost-time injuries per total work hours normalized to 200,000 hours worked (which represents the typical number of hours worked by 100 people during a year).

Major Spills

Kinross major spills are those that escaped secondary containment and meet any of the following: 1) leave the site; 2) enter a flowing waterway; 3) the quantity released exceeds company-established thresholds.

Medical Treatment Case

A work-related injury where an employee requires medical treatment such as surgery, treatment of infections, applications of sutures or removal of imbedded foreign bodies, but is able to work the next scheduled shift.

Medical Treatment Frequency Rate

The number of medical treatment cases per total work hours normalized to 200,000 hours worked.

Merrill-Crowe

The technique of recovering dissolved gold from ore that has undergone milling and agitated leaching by introducing zinc to the solution.

Net Changes in Water Storage

The net change in the volume of water stored over the reported year and measured in cubic metres (m3) calculated as the volume of water stored at year end less the volume of water stored at the beginning of the year. This does not include water that is in tailing pore space, water in heap leach pore space, evaporation from the storage facilities, sublimation of ice and snow, or unrecovered seepages from storage facilities.

New Reclamation

Any new area, in hectares (ha), reclaimed during the reporting year.

New Disturbance

Any new area, in hectares (ha), disturbed during the reporting year.

Non-Mineral Waste Intensity Rate

Total non-mineral waste (hazardous and non-hazardous waste disposed on and off site and recycled waste) per tonne of ore processed, expressed as kilograms/tonne.

Notice of Violation

An official written notification from a regulatory agency stating that a violation of a regulation or permit condition has occurred.

Ore

Metal-bearing rock or mineral that can be mined and processedfor a profit under current economic conditions.

Ore Processed

The amount of ore that is crushed, in metric tonnes (tonne), separated from mineral waste and sent to the stockpiles.

Previously Reclaimed

All areas, in hectares (ha) reclaimed during the life of the operation (does not include new reclamation).

Previously Disturbed and Unreclaimed

All areas, in hectares (ha) disturbed and unreclaimed during the life of the operation (does not include new disturbance).

Procurement

Host country spending characterized as “local”, “in-country”, or “imported”. Local procurement refers to procurement within the “local” geographic area of a site and may extend to regional and national geographies. In-country procurement refers to purchases made from businesses registered in the country of operation. Other procurement is characterized as “imported”.

Protected Habitat

Areas that are protected from any harm during operational activities, and the environment remains in its original state with a healthy functioning ecosystem.

Ramsar Convention

The Convention on Wetlands is an intergovernmental treaty that embodies the commitments of its member countries to maintain the ecological character of their Wetlands of International Importance.

Reclamation

The process of restoring land disturbed by mining activities to other productive uses. It typically includes demolition and salvage of structures, disposal of wastes, re-contouring and re-vegetation, water treatment and property management, and maintenance.

Regulatory Action

Any legal action pertaining to environmental legislation from a self-reported issue to a formal legal notification of violation.

Reportable Injury

Work-related injuries including fatalities, lost-time injuries, restricted work activity cases, and medical treatment cases.

Restricted Work Activity Case

A work-related injury where the employee returns to work their next scheduled shift but with restrictions that prevent them from doing any of the essential functions of their job i.e., those routine activities the employee performs at least weekly.

Restricted Work Activity Frequency Rate

The number of restricted work activity cases per total work hours normalized to 200,000 hours worked.

Site-Specific

Items or practices that pertain to the activities taking place at a specific Kinross operation, i.e., specific to one mine site’s conditions including but not limited to its unique community, unique climate, and unique environment.

Stakeholders

People or groups of people who have an interest in the activities of Kinross, including shareholders, employees and their families, contractors, suppliers, customers, the communities near mining operations, legislative representatives, regulatory personnel and communities near mining operations, legislative representatives, regulatory personnel and interested non-governmental organizations.

Tailings

Spent ore material that is produced after the gold has been extracted and that is disposed of in storage facilities designed, built, operated and closed to meet regulatory and environmental standards.

Tailings produced

Tailings measured in metric tonnes (tonne).

Tonne

Metric tonne or 1,000 kilograms.

Total Reportable Injury Frequency Rate (TRIFR)

The frequency rate of all medical, restricted duty, lost time and fatal injuries per total work hours normalized to 200,000 hours worked. Data reported includes all employees, contractors and visitors. Injury classifications are based on the definitions specified by the U.S. Mine Safety and Health Administration (MSHA).

Turnover

The percentage of Kinross employees who have voluntarily or involuntarily left their employment with Kinross during the reporting year.

United Nations Global Compact (UNGC)

A strategic policy initiative for businesses that are committed to aligning their operations and strategies with ten universally accepted principles in the areas of human rights, labour, environment and anti-corruption.

United Nations Guiding Principles for Business and Human Rights (GPBHR)

A global standard for preventing and addressing the risk of adverse impacts on human rights linked to business activity.

Unplanned Water Discharge

An occurrence where an amount of treated or untreated water unexpectedly discharged to a surface or groundwater source.

Voluntary Principles for Security and Human Rights (VPSHR)

A set of principles designed to guide companies in maintaining the safety and security of their operations within an operating framework that encourages respect for human rights.

Wages

Employee salaries, including amounts paid to government institutions on behalf of employees (employee taxes, levies, and unemployment funds).

Water Management

The procedures and systems in place to handle all water in contact with Kinross’ mining activities including groundwater, surface water, rainwater, saltwater, water content in the tailings, and water in the pit.

Water Consumption or Total Water Consumed

Amount of water consumed in cubic metres (m3). It is calculated as the difference between all source water withdrawals and water discharges minus any change in the water inventory, i.e., total water withdrawn less total water discharges less net changes in water storage. Note that the net change in inventory may be positive or negative depending on the storage situation over the reported year.

Water Stored or Water Inventory

Amount of water stored, in cubic metres (m3), on a mine site in all water storage facilities (ponds, tanks, tailings facilities etc.). This does not include water that is lost in tailing pore space, water lost in heap leach pore space, evaporation from the storage facilities, sublimation of ice and snow, or unrecovered seepages from storage facilities (these constitute water consumption).

Water Withdrawn

Includes groundwater withdrawn from underground aquifers, surface water withdrawn from wetlands, rivers, streams and lakes, salt/brackish water withdrawn from oceans and salty underground or surface water, and precipitation captured onsite. This does not include water already in onsite storage (i.e., ponds, tanks, heaps and tailings storage facilities (TSF)) prior to the reporting year. Measured in cubic metres (m3).

Water (groundwater)

Water withdrawn from underground aquifers. Measured in cubic metres (m3).

Water (surface)

Water withdrawn from wetlands, rivers, streams, and lakes. Measured in cubic metres (m3).

Water (salt/brackish)

Water withdrawn from oceans, or salty underground and surface sources. Measured in cubic metres (m3).

Water (rain) or Precipitation

Water captured on the mine site from rainfall or snow and ice melt. Measured in cubic metres (m3).

Water Discharged

Includes planned and unplanned water discharges. Planned discharges include treated water and water not requiring treatment that is discharged into the environment. Unplanned discharges include extraordinary events and not controlled by management. Measured in cubic metres (m3).

Water Recycled

Recycled water consists of the total volume of water used for processing (measured as the amount of water through the carbon columns for heap leach operations, and the amount of water in tailings slurry sent to the tailings storage facility for milling operations) which is then re-used in the process, measured in cubic metres.

Water Recycling Rate

Total water recycled as a percentage of total water consumed.

Water Intensity Rate

Total water consumed per tonne of ore processed, expressed as litres/tonne.

Waste Rock Mined

Mineral waste, i.e., host rock that is uneconomic, that is produced as a result of the mining process. Includes both capital and operating waste and is measured in metric tonnes (tonnes).

Waste (hazardous) 1

As defined by national legislation. Measured at the point of disposal for hazardous waste disposed onsite. Measured at the point of pick up for hazardous waste disposed offsite. Expressed in metric tonnes (tonne).

Waste (non-hazardous)

Includes all forms of solid or liquid waste, in metric tonnes (tonne), other than waste rock mined, tailings produced or hazardous waste as defined by national legislation. Measured at the point of disposal for waste disposed onsite. Measured at the point of pick up for waste disposed offsite. The waste disposed onsite and offsite excludes waste water and the waste disposed onsite excludes any wastes that are burned on site.

Waste (recycled) or Non-Mineral Recycled Waste

Materials sent for recycling either on or off the mine site, measured in metric tonnes (tonne). Recycled materials include tires, scrap metal, used oil, cardboard, wood, electronics, light bulbs, batteries, antifreeze. This does not include recycled materials that are brought to the site for use.

World Gold Council (WGC)

A market development organization for the gold industry. This organization developed and manages the Conflict-Free Gold Standard (CFG or the “Standard”).

 

1    Excludes metallurgical waste from the milling process for Paracatu although its national legislation defines this waste as hazardous. This waste has been reclassified as tailings produced for comparability purposes with other sites.