Kinross has been reporting to the CDP on GHGs since the 2005 operating year and, in 2013, we were selected as a 2013 CDP Climate Disclosure Leader. Kinross tracks and reports GHGs for direct (Scope 1) and indirect (Scope 2) emissions, defined as:
Scope 1 Emissions
These are direct emissions from GHG sources owned or controlled by Kinross. It includes fuel consumption from owned or controlled fleet, all owned or controlled activities, on-site power generation, and explosives used to mine ore.
Scope 2 Emissions
These emissions do not physically occur from within the Kinross boundary and are therefore “indirect” emissions. Scope 2 emissions are related to purchased electricity, which is drawn from utility grids in countries where we operate. Some of the purchased electricity comes from renewable sources.
Overall emissions, while partially offset by energy efficiency improvements across the Company, increased from 1,244 kTonnes of CO2e in 2012 to 1,337 [A] kTonnes of CO2e in 2013 due to a 3.3% increase in the tonnes of ore processed and an increase in emission factors for purchased electricity (significantly affected by the change in generation mix from our electricity suppliers towards more GHG-intensive sources). During the reporting period, there was an overall net increase in total (direct and indirect) emissions of 7.5%. Total direct emissions increased by 3.0% and indirect emissions increased by 14.9%. Without our energy efficiency measures, the emissions would have been higher.
Scope 3 Emissions
These emissions measure the GHGs generated from indirect emissions in the supply chain related to combustion of fuels used by contractors and from indirect emissions of purchased lime and cyanide. In 2013, our Scope 3 emissions were 196,133 [A] tonnes. We report Scope 3 emissions as part of our Carbon Disclosure Project (CDP) submission.
For 2013, we have also estimated the emissions related to corporate travel and employee commuting as well as the emissions associated with our leased corporate and regional offices. Kinross concluded that these emissions are not significant (less than 1% of our total Scope 1 and Scope 2 GHG emissions) and, therefore, we have not included corporate travel and office emissions in Scope 3 estimates.
Kinross GHG Emissions Scope 1 and Scope 2
(1,000 tonnes CO2e)
GHG Intensity Rates
(kilograms CO2e/tonne of
Climate Change Risk
Climate Change risk is also managed through more detailed risk assessments known as Engineered Risk Assessments (ERAs). The purpose of the ERA is to assess the potential for failure of existing engineered systems, the possible operational, environmental, and health and safety consequences that could occur in the event of such failures, and to develop measures to reduce risk. As part of the permitting and approvals process for new mine projects, Environmental Impact Assessments (EIAs) are conducted to international standards. Climate change impacts and strategies to address them are a key component of the EIA process.
For additional information, see our 2012 and 2013 reports to the CDP at www.cdp.net